Michelle Scalise Sugiyama (CEP alum) has been researching hunter-gatherer stories, to see whether they are tailored to convey key ecological knowledge. She has created Talking Stories: An Encyclopedia of Traditional Ecological Knowledge, and made it available to all who are interested in evolutionary psychology and the arts.
Scalise Sugiyama also runs the Cognitive Cultural Studies Project. The CCSP traces universal human symbolic and aesthetic behaviors–such as storytelling, visual art, song, dance, games, and ritual–to their evolutionary roots in our hunter-gatherer past.
John Tooby & Leda Cosmides (2001). SubStance, 30 (1), 6-27. Special Issue (94/95): On the Origin of Fictions: Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Matias Clasen specializes in horror fiction and recreational fear, which he has investigated from an evolutionary perspective. Here is is TEDx talk, and here is his book, Why Horror Seduces. Matias had a visiting fellowship at the CEP in 2011, while he was working on his dissertation. He is now a professor of literature and film at Aarhus University in Denmark.
If you are interested in evolutionary psychology and literature, look into Joseph Carroll, professor of English at University of Missouri-St Louis. He is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Evolution and Imaginative Culture, and has published many volumes on the topic. His 1995 book, Evolution and Literary Theory, was one of the first works to incorporate evolutionary psychology into the study of literature. He recently won the Human Behavior and Evolution Society’s Lifetime Achievement Award.
For information about our 1999 conference, see below
Imagination and the Adapted Mind: The prehistory and future of poetry, fiction and related arts
Conference theme: A signal feature of all human societies is that people spend a great deal of time telling stories or thinking about imaginary worlds and fictional characters. Indeed, pretend play is now recognized as so central a feature of human cognition that its absence in a toddler is seen as diagnostic of a neurological impairment (autism). Yet almost all systematic research concerning human cognition has so far focused on processes designed to make inferences about the perceived world and to choose between alternative courses of action in it. From a functional, utilitarian, or evolutionary point of view, it is not clear why humans should care to create or contemplate make-believe worlds at all, let alone have the emotive hunger to do so and the economic willingness to support the vast current market for fiction (whether written, performed on the stage, projected to the movie screen, or televised). By exploring the nature and functions of the imagination, we hope to shed new light on the cognitive architecture necessary to “decouple” sets of mental representations from concurrent concern with their truth-value, to model elaborate counter-factual states of affairs, and to entertain cognitive and emotive reactions to imagined worlds without confusing their denizens and landscapes with those of the world known through memory and perception.
A special issue of the journal SubStance was based on this conference. It can be found here.